Topic For Cultural Studies Assignment Help Essay : Report on the application of management and leadership theory and strategies in early childhood settings
Administration refers to the groups of individuals who have the responsibility of creating and implementing rules in Cultural Studies Assignment Help and regulations to an organizational structure or those in the leadership positions who perform important organizational duties. Governance, on the other hand, is the action or manner or process of governing an organization. Both these terms have a direct connection with the organizational operation and they help an organization to run its daily course of action smoothly. The concepts of administration and governance depend largely on leadership skills and with the help of leadership strategies an effective administration can implement changes in the organizational structure necessary to promote the organization to an elevated level (Allen, 2009). And efficient governance subsequently can improvise the culture and climate of the organisational behaviour. Here in this report a concentrated focus will be bestowed on the role of administration and governance in developing culture and climate of an early childhood setting.
Administration and Governance Involved in an Early Childhood Setting:
The Children Act 1989 illuminates the definition of the person, body or organization that runs an early childhood education help and care service. In structured frameworks like schools the presence of administration and governance is mandatory. An efficient administration can confirm a healthy atmosphere, a good teaching habit and an active students’ participation in the school. Superintendents, principals and special education administrators are the key personnel of schools. They are the school leaders. The school leader’s decision making processes have a direct effect on the education culture of the school. Leaders need to understand that involvement of teachers in the decision making process can help the teachers to grow as leaders in the future (Fairholm, 2007). Every school should carry a vision and a mission. Leaders should engage all the stakeholders of the school in order to develop that mission and vision of the school. They should keep a strict eye on the success of fulfilling the mission.
Administration must be aware of the available resources which can be used to support the needs of the students and the staffs of the school. Teachers and students will feel more comfortable in a healthy and peaceful school environment. School governance officials or leaders should try their best to maintain a positive school climate and should confirm that students actually love to come to schools. Every school has its own predominant culture. School leaders need to maintain this culture with dignity. If the leaders can properly communicate the school’s history, tradition, glorious achievements to the students as well as to the teachers, they will feel more interested in attaching them to the school for a longer period of time. The teachers and students should have absolute trust on the administration (Woods, 2004). To develop this faith, leaders must be honest and transparent. The presence of administration should be felt by all the stakeholders of the school and for this administration and governing officials should be visible in the classrooms, in the corridors, at Tiffin break and at social and cultural programs organized by the school. The safety and security in the school premises should be a matter of major concerns of the administration.
For the success of a school, a proper infrastructure should be formed in order to utilize the teacher’s skills and capabilities to the fullest. An excessive workload on teachers can adversely affect their performance in Cultural Studies Assignment Help. Lunenburg (2011) stated that school leaders must also ensure the availability of sufficient resources and materials required for proper teaching . It can be easily observed that students can learn best from the most capable teachers who have an in depth knowledge of the concerned subject and know the art of effective teaching. School administration has an important role in selecting competent teachers for the school. For this leaders need to structure a model on ideal teaching and encourage best practices. Teachers also require support in the form of performance evaluation and subsequent enhancement in salary structure. It is noteworthy in this regard that quality teachers can never be available at a cheap price. So the administration should restructure its compensation model keeping the above said idea in mind (Harris, 2007). Finally administration has a significant responsibility of involving parents, families and on a larger aspect the entire community in the administrative process of the school. School leaders can encourage the parents and community in involving serious decision making assignment help process of the school like formation of a school safety committee. With this active involvement of the community, the school can easily earn popularity among its stakeholders.
Culture and Climate Development:
School administration has a duty to establish and maintain a school environment free of anomalies. A strong intervention on school’s climate and culture is necessary in this regard. School climate and Cultural Studies Assignment Help have a deep effect on student achievement and behavior. It forecasts the concerned community’s culture and climate as a whole. School climate denotes the quality and standard of school life. The experience of students, parents, and school staffs within the school premises creates the base of school climate. School climate reflects rules, targets, values, interpersonal bonding, teaching and learning exercises and organisational behaviour assignment help. Major factors influencing social climate involve personal understanding of individual safety, interpersonal relationships, teaching, learning, and the outer environment (Hard, 2004). Safe and Supportive School Model gives value to the major areas of student, staff and community involvement, safety, physical as well as emotional environment.
Figure 1: Safe and supportive school model in Cultural Studies Assignment Help
(Source Gronn , 2008,pp.84)
Determinants of a school’s culture include ideals, shared beliefs, and individual behavior of all concerned persons within the school community and indicate the school’s social norms. There is a general assumption that schools should maintain a positive school culture that claims interpersonal respect among students and also between students and staff. A school must try to promote a healthy environment in which students can grow both academically and socially. A healthy environment includes social, physical and behavioral environment of a school community. Billingsley (2002) opined that social environment circles round interpersonal relationship, feeling of safety, student involvement and community partnerships. Physical environment denotes classroom management, physical safety and school protocols which can definitely affects in Cultural Studies Assignment Help. Behavioral environment includes physical and psychological well being and prevention and interference services. A detailed review of a school’s social, physical, and behavioral environments and the expectations of its students and staffs can help the school leadership in implementing school’s rules and regulations that builds up a proper culture and climate under which the students will feel secured and will excel at a rapid speed. Gronn (2008) thought that a school climate development model is a cyclic process of preparation, evaluation, judging the evaluation results and planning action accordingly, applying the proposed plan, and re-evaluation. The model is found to be useful in increasing performance of students, reducing dropout chances and violence within the school premises. One of the most positive aspects of this method is that it narrows down the chance of failure in case of climate improvement. A school’s climate can be improved through a process of double checking the process outcome and through a proper implementation of an action plan. An ideal school climate establishes absolute safety and a healthy environment which help the students to grow both socially and psychologically (www.p12.nysed.gov, 2014).
Figure 2: School Climate Improvement Model in Cultural Studies Assignment Help
(Source: Adair, 2010.pp.95)
The climate and culture of a school have a deep impact on the shaping of a student’s future. School leadership should not forget that students are the largest stakeholder for an educational organization (Adair, 2010). So an extra importance should be given to them. It is also mentionable that when a school deals with students of early childhood, the school administration should be highly careful about the psychological growth of the students. Early childhood invites mischief, but to control mischievous activities is not the sole responsibility of a teacher (www.p12.nysed.gov, 2014). Teachers as well as leaders have the moral duty to shape a child’s psychological view point, moral ethics and sense of social acceptance. By involving them in various activities and social functions, school management can easily engrave a sense of social existence in the mind of a child.
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Various leadership and management theories show that a leader needs to improvise his plans according to the situational demand. And it is quite easily understandable that a leader’s role in an early childhood setting is absolutely different from that of a leader in a business organization. Here there is no chance to implement the autocratic leadership strategies; on the contrary a democratic leadership attitude will be ideal to follow. A school leader should carry a flavor of compassion, sympathy and determination to achieve goals at the same time. Administration and governance can contribute immensely to the development of a school’s culture and climate through an application of appropriate leadership and management theories.