Question Annotated Bibliography – Physical & Biological nature of The Ocean & Humanity.


Que Bibliography – Physical & Biological Nature Of The Ocean & Humanity.
Research peer-reviewed literature (including textbooks and reference books) on the issue of marine plastics pollution and on one of the other case studies presented. Coherently summarise your research and information gained in relation to marine plastics pollution and your second case study. Evaluate your information to identify the most important issue(s) relating to the case study and the most important feature(s) of the physical and biological nature of the ocean which affect this issue.

Demonstrate your capacity to identify peer-reviewed and relevant sources of information by compiling an annotated bibliography in support of your summary document that synthesises the information gained from your research in the context of information formally presented in classes. This background assignment will be help you relate human interaction(s) with the ocean to identify potential and actual pollution issues that arise.

Que Bibliography – Physical & Biological Nature Of The Ocean & Humanity.

One page per case study summary (500 words  50) in your own words. The word limit excludes references.

Five references to support each case study. Each reference is to have an annotation (written in your own words) that succinctly describes the paper and its importance in NO MORE than 100 words.

References are to be peer-reviewed or from other objectively reliable sources (such as government and university websites, textbooks) and to be fully and correctly detailed in the reference list (the annotated bibliography).


1. Students will summarise and collate information and then identify, with evidence, what is/are the most important issue(s) relevant to the case studies and the most important biological and/or physical feature of the ocean which influences the issue(s) identified. This should be the focus of the 500 word summary and when you critically evaluate the source, then the connection to your knowledge of oceanography is one thing that I will particularly assess.

2. Students will prepare a concise (note the word limit) annotated bibliography of the references used in the summary.

Advice on writing an Ocean research summary and annotated bibliography

See Summarising for Understanding.

This short document explains why it is important to summarise for understanding (ie that the writer understands the content of the material that they are summarising and can thus pick out the most important and relevant issues). It then offers a method for taking notes from a source and how to subsequently write the summary.

What is an annotated bibliography.

It lists the source fully and correctly. It provides a concise summary or overview of the source, with a focus on the major points or concepts addressed in the source. It may also provide a critical evaluation of the source, which could comment on the data or information used; or the logic of the source; or the style of writing (e.g. clear, concise, aimed to general audience or experts) or all of these things.

What makes a good annotation?

A good annotation

a) Is associated with an accurately listed reference.

b) Is concise.

c) Is clearly understandable. (Has been proof read and is logically sound).

d) Provides an overview in your own words of what the paper is about.

e) Answers the reader’s question: “Why should I read this paper?”

f) Gives a clear indication of the importance (or possibly otherwise) of the paper.

g) Will state if a reference is a review paper (that is, it is secondary not primary literature) or not (and may include the number of papers reviewed).

h) May comment on the style of a paper (e.g. “assumes a good background in economics”. “Is a technical paper” etc).

i) Is NOT a summary of the paper. This makes it too long and likely too complex to easily answer the question “why should I read this paper?”

j) Does not copy sentences from the paper, because this almost certainly removes context thereby reducing understanding.

When I have graded annotated bibliographies in previous deliveries of other classes, I identified some faults that were commonly seen in the class’s bibliographies and provided them to the class as feedback. Here are the faults that I identified. Use the list to see what you should AVOID doing.

Specific comments indicating faults in the bibliography

1. References are not in alphabetical order

2. References are incomplete.

3. References have incorrect information (e.g. the volume of publication).