Acute Life Threatening Conditions Assignment 2 – Australia.

Unit title :- Acute Life Threatening Conditions
Assessment Type :- Assignment 2
Word Count :
There is a word limit of 1000 words Use your computer to total the number of words used in your assignment. However do not include the reference list at the end of your assignment in the word count. In-text citations will be included in the additional 10%-word count. If you exceed the word count by 10% (1100 words) the marker will stop marking.
Aim of assessment :-
1.The aim of this assessment is to enable students to:Demonstrate knowledge by analysing the information provided in the case study.
2.Apply the clinical information provided in the case study and describe this clinical information within a pathophysiological and patient focused framework.
3.Discuss nursing strategies and evidence-based rationales to manage a patient with acute heart failure
4.Discuss the pharmacological interventions related to the management of a patient with acute heart failure
Acute Life Threatening Conditions Assignment 2 – Australia.

Acute Life Threatening Conditions Assignment 2 - Australia.

Details :-
You are to answer all questions related to the case study provided. Your answers must be directly related to the clinical manifestations that your patient presents with. You must submit your work with a minimum of six references from the past 5 years including peer-reviewed journal articles textbook material or other appropriate evidence-based resources.

Case study :-
Mr xxx is a 68-year-old gentleman presenting to the emergency department at 0400hrs with worsening shortness of breath Onset 2 days ago and progressively worsening. He also developed wheeze and right sided pleuritic chest pain this morning. Vomited x 1 on going nausea. Has history of non-compliance with medication and adherence to fluid restriction.

Past History :-
Hypertension Inferior Myocardial Infarction in 2020 Heart Failure non-ischemic Cardiomyopathy Permanent Pacemaker inserted 2021, DM Type II GORD Osteoarthritis.

Current medications:
Furosemide 40 mg OD Captopril 6.25 mg Ti D Digoxin 0.125 mg BD Metformin 500 mg Ti D Nexium 40 mg BD.

On 1.2 L fluid restriction; Echocardiogram results in 2021- systolic dysfunction, mild mitral valve regurgitation dilated left atrium and ejection fraction (EF) 33%.

Nursing Assessment :-
A. Clear speaking in short sentences
B. RR 28 bpm SpO2 90% RA, bilateral crackles, diffuse wheeze anteriorly and posteriorly
C. HR 120 bpm, peripherally cold centrally warm BP 186/108 mmHg capillary refill<3 sec
D. GCS 15 (E4V5M6) PEARL
E. Patient looks distressed, diaphoretic, right JVP distension++ bilateral pedal pitting edema 2+
F. No IV fluids in progress
G. BGL 14.0mmol/L

Plan
• Continuous cardiac monitoring
• 12 lead ECG
• Blood pathology order
• Troponin I High Sensitivity
• Chest X-Ray
• Insert IVC right hand
• Furosemide 40mg IV Stat
• Echocardiogram

Results of Investigations:
Chest x- ray: Left ventricular hypertrophy, interstitial edema noted by Kerley B lines in the costophrenic angle.

ECG:

Acute Life Threatening Conditions Assignment 2 - Australia.

Blood Results:
Electrolyte, urea and creatinine:

Acute Life Threatening Conditions Assignment 2 - Australia.
Acute Life Threatening Conditions Assignment 2 - Australia.

Impression: Exacerbation of Congestive Cardiac Failure and fluid volume overload

Question 1
In order to prioritise your nursing actions, you are expected to have a sound understanding of the pathogenesis and pathophysiology.

Explain the pathogenesis and pathophysiology causing the clinical manifestations with which Mr xxx

Question 2 :
Choose One high priority nursing intervention that you will perform for Mr xxx

– Briefly explain why you chose this nursing intervention
– Explain how the nursing intervention will alleviate the clinical features of Mr xxx using physiological linking
– Describe briefly the impact of not performing the intervention

Question 3 :-
Mr xxx has been prescribed Furosemide 40 mg IV Stat and Glyceryl Trinitrate IV Infusion 10 mcg/min starting rate.

For both medications explain
– The mechanism of action
– Why your patient is receiving this medication in relation to his symptoms and diagnosis?
– What are the nursing considerations for this medication?
– What clinical response you expect?
– What continuing clinical observations will you need to undertake?

Submission :-
Refer to Section 2.5 of the Learning Guide- General Submission Requirements Submit your assessment through Turnitin

Format :-
All assignments are to be typed
Typing must be according to the following format:
3 cm left and right margins, double spaced.
Font: Arial or Times New Roman
Font size: 12pt
See further submission requirements below

Acute Life Threatening Conditions Assignment 2 – Australia.

Submission Requirements :-

1.Electronic copy only Students are to submit an electronic copy of the assessment Students are not required to submit the original hard copy of their assessment on campus
2.Submit your assessment electronically through the Turnitin link on the unit vUWS site.
3.Students are to upload the assessment with the following title:
Surname_Firstname_assessment title
4.Your assessment must be submitted in .doc, docx format.
5.This assessment is marked online; no paper copy will be accepted. Marks, comments and the marking criteria will be released online. If you do not receive your marked assessment when all others have been returned, it is your responsibility to contact the Unit Coordinator for assistance.

Resources :
i. There are a number of textbooks and resources available through the Western Sydney University Library that may assist you. Please refer to the unit’s vUWS site for specific unit resources.
ii. Assessments listed as individual assessments must be completed independently. Students are advised to refer back to their notes textbooks or appropriate academic peer-reviewed resources utilised during unit delivery

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