Lutheran theology or Lutheranism is major filiations of Western Christianity based on the Management Essay of theology of Martin Lutherm, a celebrated German monk and theologian. Luther’s serious endeavor to reform the conventional and outdated doctrine of the Roman Catholic Church staged the Protestant Reformation in the mid 16th century in Germany. Starting with The Ninety- Five Theses, which was first appeared in 1517, Luther’s writings were propagated worldwide, spreading the early seeds of the Reformation (Dorman, 2000). The three main tenets that Lutheranism conveyed were- sola fide (faith alone) meaning the salvation of an individual cannot be achieved by offering payment to the church but instead only through a faith on God, sola scriptura (by scripture alone) meaning the Bible is the ultimate source for the truth about God, not a church or its priest and finally the church was built up of believers, not just the clergy of Management Essay Help. It is the fundamental right of every Christian to circulate and illustrate Christian faith to the world. The current assignment deals with Luther’s theory of Simul Justus Et Peccator (simultaneously righteous and sinner).
“Simul Justus Et Peccator” is a Latin phrase found in Lutheran theology especially on justification which expounded that a Christian is simultaneously a saint and a sinner (www.onenesspentecostal.com, 2014). The concept differentiates Lutherans from the Roman Catholics. For Lutherans, without the presence of this simul doctrine, Christian theology will be confined to the mere sphere of moralism. Salvation is reduced to a process of development in which God and humanity each has their share and human being’s growth is accounted against a scale of increasing piousness. To Lutherans, this notion is totally unacceptable (www.mbird.com, 2014).
The simul concept developed in Luther’s writings from 1515 to 1538. At first Luther in his discourse on Romans in 1515 draws the portrait of a Christian in his depiction of justification using the example of “an ailing person who is on his journey to full recovery as assured by an able doctor. Hitherward the man is both sick and well at the same time.” He borrowed this paradigm to Augustine who considers “Christian as partly saint and partly sinner, in the midway path of a lifelong process of renovation” (Wieting, 2012). By 1535 Luther in his commentary on Galatians has finally separated his way from the Augustinian concept and moved to a more Christocentric one. The saintliness of the Christian is no longer merely started or expected for but a fact to be found in Christ. On Galatians 5:16, Luther asserts “human beings are partly sinners and partly righteous. Yet their righteousness is more ample than their sin, because the righteousness of Christ vastly exceeds the sin of the entire world” (www.lutherwasnotbornagain.com, 2013). In his later years, in his writing the 3rd Antinomian Disputation (1538) he opined that according to the Divine calculation human beings are totally righteous, even though sin is present. So human beings are in fact at the same time and altogether sinners. Here Luther places stress on the paradoxical language of totality. So it is clearly evident how Luther’s concept evolved over the years in sync with his clearer understanding of justification (www.monergism.com, 2014)
The Concept of Sin:
The Formula of Concord FC S1 dealt with one implication which interrogates if God is the creator of man’s nature and sin is a part of that nature, is God then the producer of sin? Lutherans thought that man is by nature sinful and unholy. But there is a line of difference between man as a creation of God and the sin which pollutes creation in Management Essay Help. They emphasize that man remains sinner till he stays in the world and in this physical structure (Kinnaman, 2013).
Roman Catholic theology concludes that baptism clears away original sin mentioned in Management Essay Help, though concupiscence stays as a detour to sin which is not a sin if not actualized. Luther condemned concupiscence as a sin. Without denying the authenticity of baptism, Luther opines that the inclination to sin is also a sin (Veith, 2010). The concept of simul justus is not an alibi for management lawlessness, or a permission to continue sinful activities. It gives solace to the person who honestly desires to be free from sin and is conscious of the inner struggle within him or her.
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The Concept of Righteousness:
The Council of Trent itself expresses that the Roman Catholics conceived Luther’s simul iustus et peccator to be the most dangerous intimidation to the conventional preaching of the Catholic church mentioned related to Management Essay Help. The Roman Church debated that justification means making a human being virtuous in his own person. The Catholic questions God’s enunciation of a human being to be righteous in His sight unless he is really righteous (Stiegemeyer, 2012). In Management Essay Help humanities must be born again and changed before he can have the authority to stand before God. In this thought process a human being can have no real promise of justification because he/she can never be certain whether the Holy Spirit has sculptured him/her righteous enough to be accepted of God.
Lehmann (2010) opined that righteousness through Christ is held as an alien righteousness because it does not grow from within. It is not man’s righteousness; it is His. It is an alien virtuosity because it came from without, and now it is in a foreign land. In Latin simul iustus et peccator means: simul stands for simultaneously; iustus stands for just; et for and; peccator for sinner. That is a human psychology assignment being is simultaneously righteous and sinner. That is a human being’s contribution to salvation to his sin. While human being is a sinner, God considers him as righteous because of the blood of Jesus Christ (Kinnaman, 2013).
Righteousness can be derived in two paths: coram deo (righteousness before God) and coram hominibus (before human being). Instead of advancement in righteousness based in the person, or an inculcation of merit from the saints, a person is considered righteous before God as the effect of the works of Christ. But without the perspective of God and the righteousness of Christ, depending on one’s own merit, a Christian still appears to be like a sinner. The announcement includes God attributing to the believer’s ‘balance sheet’ or estimate the alien righteousness of Christ. The believer is not announced virtuous by the grace of his own merit, but on the basis of the virtue of Christ (Lehmann, 2010). It is justification which serves as the grounding upon which the believer can stand erect with confidence when converted to him. The believer has nothing to fear in the presence of God because of His relaxation. The believer has only and always to depend on the finished work of Christ on the Cross and enjoy God’s acceptance. The believer does not apprehend God’s rejection on the ground of the sin present in his/her life because of this justification. God does not consider the sin in man’s life except through the work of Christ. This problem is resolved in the Incarnation of Christ, crucified and now emanated for the life of the world.
Christ dwelling in His virtuosity in the spirit of the justified person denotes eternal life. It is the union with Jesus Christ and the foundation for that union is faith. The sinners come to him, rests in him, believes in him, combines with him, obeys with him; and this is eternal life as it has no end. The united soul stays in the Vine perpetually (Stiegemeyer, 2012). Folly, sin, inclination to sin never brings detachment, but only the Father’s pruning, which binds the union tighter.
God announces human beings innocent because Christ takes the guilt on his shoulder for us and is crucified on the cross (Walther, 2010). Human beings are not first made righteous, then announced righteous; they are first declared righteous by the virtue of having faith in Christ, and then made righteous. When man trusts, God bestows Christ’s righteousness on him as if’ it were his own. In light of the goodness and kindness of God who was in Christ trying to align the world with him, man should daily mourn of his own self-righteousness. Justification in itself does not relate to a change in the man, but an announcement of how he looks in God’s sight. By following this channel of faith man runs to Christ and embraces Him, who fulfilled the law on man’s behalf. In this way he is introduced as righteous in the sight of God through faith only, even without doing the works of the law (Preus, 2004).
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Luther pointed out that even in a state of reanimation a believer still lives in the world and still in fact commits sinful acts. There is no endeavor to restructure sin to make it anything less than what it is. Rather there is a total acceptance of the antithesis of the Christian’s acceptance before God and the fact that he still commits sin. Luther’s phrase to depict this condition which is the state of the Christian between regeneration and final glorification is simul iustus et peccator, at the same time just and sinner.
Application of Luther’s theology on daily living:
The application to Christian living gives people an immediate resource for direction. Human being’s life is governed by certain situations where taking right steps or right decision is a matter of great importance of Management Essay. Luther’s theology helps people to take the right decision at the right time. Luther gives human being a clear picture of sin and righteousness. And at the same time it is also mentionable that an inclination to sin often drives man towards the path of folly. Having faith in the almighty power of Christ gives a strong support to the mankind. In real life situations human being often finds it difficult to choose the right path of virtue and ultimately dooms his life by mistakenly choosing the path of sin. Sin never yields a good impact on the life of a man. Constant efforts should be made by human beings in order maintain a life of virtuousness.
Martin Luther’s theology worked as a catalyst to the Protestant movement at Management Essay Help. He imposed a crushing blow on the conventional bad practices of the Roman Catholics. His straight and clear presentation of theories attracted the contemporary mind easily. He was successful in adding a fresh outlook to Christianity. He tried his level best to make the doctrines of Christianity as simple as possible. Lutheranism brings a fresh air to conventional Christian beliefs. He tried to establish the Bible on the top of everything. He continuously preached among the Christians that a devout faith on the authority of the Christ helps humanity to find out the real path of redemption and perpetual happiness.